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  • Automatic Classification of Ground-Penetrating-Radar ...

    Automatic Classification of Ground-Penetrating-Radar Signals for Railway-Ballast Assessment Abstract The ground-penetrating radar (GPR) has been widely used in many applications. However, the processing and interpretation of the acquired signals remain challenging tasks since an experienced user is required to manage the entire operation.

    Sub-Ballast Stabilization | Tensar International

    The result of these sub-ballast challenges is additional construction costs, along with increases in operational costs and lost productivity. The Spectra ® Rail System can be used to help rail operators increase the service life of the sub-ballast layer.

  • Ballast Nedam - Term Paper

    Read this essay on Ballast Nedam. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at TermPaperWarehouse"

  • A GPR-based simulation approach for the analysis of ...

    This study aims at proposing a model capable to assess the physical conditions of railway ballast, in terms of percentage of fouling within the material, by analyzing its electromagnetic response. For the calibration of such a model, a laboratory set-up was implemented in order to reproduce a real-scale railway environment.

  • Rail ballast: conclusions from a historical perspective

    Rail ballast: conclusions from a historical perspective P. Claisse and C. Calla ... Even the stone ballast speci ed up until the 1980s was of a smaller average size than present ballast. Research into the two-layered ballast system and a study of development of ballast speci cation from the early 1900s suggests that current ballast speci cations

  • Research Division | R&D | Railway Technical Research Institute

    The Transport Planning & Marketing laboratory is in charge of the research and development of transport planning centering on railway transport, passenger flow analysis and quantitative evaluation of customer needs, traffic planning support systems, economic evaluations .

  • International Journal of Engineering Research and General ...

    International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 6, October-November, 2014 ... International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science Volume 2, Issue 6, October-November, 2014 ... Minimum ballast cushion is maintained at the inner rail, while the outer rail gets kept more ballast cushion. Additional

  • Hamed Faghihi Kashani - Railway geotechnical engineer ...

    Hamed Faghihi Kashani, Bill Clement Evaluating the Correlation between Geotechnical Index and Electromagnetic Properties of Fouled Ballasted Track by Full Scale Laboratory Model

  • Railway track settlements - a literature review

    2. Railway ballast 6 2.1 Ballast materials, requirements and properties 6 2.2 Experimental measurements on ballast 7 2.3 Ballast modelling 8 3. Track settlement 9 3.1 Experimental measurements on track settlements 11 3.2 Track stiffness measurements 12 3.3 Modelling ballast and track settlements 14 4.

  • Assessment of Railway Track Substructure Condition ...

    ABSTRACT Ground penetrating radar (GPR) has been employed to assess railway track substructure (ballast, subballast, and subgrade) conditions. GPR involves transmitting radar pulses into the substructure and measuring return signals that have reflected off boundaries between substructure layers with different electromagnetic properties.

  • RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER .

    RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER . QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT . ... serious consequences of fouling in railway operations, costly ballast maintenance (i.e., undercutting, tamping, and shoulder ... electromagnetic properties of the rail infrastructure to identify the presence of fouling and the depth of this fouling .

  • POLYMERIC COMPOSITE RAILWAY SLEEPERS

    Railway sleepers are one of the most important elements of the railway track system. beams/ties laid underneath the rails to support the track[1]. abrading actions of the bearing plates and the ballast material [2]. the longitudinal movement of the rail system.

  • Transportation Research Record: Journal of the ...

    Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. ... Evaluating the Correlation Between the Geotechnical Index and the Electromagnetic Properties of Fouled Ballasted Track by a Full-Scale Laboratory Model. ... Morphological Characterization of Railroad Ballast Degradation Trends in the Field and Laboratory. ...

    Electromagnetic Properties Railway Ballast Research

    electromagnetic properties railway ballast research-- CMS . development of a time frequency approach to quantify railroad . this article may be used for research . Online Service Benchmarking large scale GPR experiments on railway .

  • How to Build a Simple Electromagnetic Train

    Here is an interesting project for kids that explores both electricity and magnetism – build a simple electromagnetic train! This intriguing video has been making it's way around Facebook. it's a simple electric "train" made out of coiled copper wire and a train car comprised of .

  • A PARTICULAR SCENARIO OF ELECTROMAGNETIC .

    A PARTICULAR SCENARIO OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE WITH RAILWAY SIGNALLING CIRCUITS. A CONTRIBUTION TO IMPROVE SYSTEM SAFETY AND RELIABILITY. E. De Tuglie G. Patrono Dipartimento di Elettrotecnica ed Elettronica Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy e-mail: [email protected]

  • Automatic classification of GPR signals - Research Online

    Automatic classification of GPR signals Abstract Ground penetrating radar has been widely used in many areas. However, the processing and interpretation of ... whose electromagnetic properties are different from surround- ... to evaluate GPR data for railway ballast assessment. Their approach utilises short-time Fourier transform (STFT). First,

  • 1st International Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring ...

    Research on applying structural health monitoring to railways is now available on DEStech Publications' web site. The focus of the research investigations is how SHM technologies are used to determine the condition of virtually every component of a rail line, including rolling stock, motors, track, ballast, coupling, welds, and bearings—as well as infrastructure such as bridges and tunnels.

  • RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER .

    RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER . QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT . ... serious consequences of fouling in railway operations, costly ballast maintenance (i.e., undercutting, tamping, and shoulder ... electromagnetic properties of the fouled materials in order to be able to create an image of the rail cross section. Start testing

  • GROUND PENETRATING RADAR EVALUATION AND .

    limitations to comparing discrete ballast samples . with the GPR data (in terms of where the samples were taken) and relating them to the limited amount of ground truth data available. Figure 1 shows a typical hi-rail-based GPR system, and Figure 2 shows a radar image of the subsurface profile produced by recorded GPR data. Figure 1.

  • Development of Wavelet Technique to Interpret Ground ...

    Electromagnetic Properties of Railway Ballast. NDT & E International, intensity in the whole ballast layer and can quantify the fouling Vol. 34, No. 5, 2001, pp. 305–311. without interface.

  • Experimental monitoring of geotechnical response of ...

    iii Acknowledgements I would like to express my very great appreciation to my academic and research advisors, professors D. Fratta, T. Edil, and J. Tinjum for their valuable and constructive suggestions during the planning and development of this research work. ... 12 2.2 Electromagnetic Properties of Geomaterials ..... 14 2.2.1 Relative ...

  • STATE-OF-THE-ART DESIGN ASPECTS OF ... - Railway Research

    Buddhima Indraratna Professor and Head, School of Civil, Mining & Environmental Engineering, ... practices (e.g. in new railway tracks where continuous ballast packing may be required), the rate of ... The major geotechnical properties of ballast are briefly discussed in this section. 2.1 Shear Strength

  • Evaluating degraded ballast and track geometry variability ...

    This research also investigates the spatial association between degraded ballast and prolonged or increasing track roughness using 400 megahertz (MHz) ground-penetrating radar (GPR) measurements of a 335 km-long section of Canadian heavy-haul railway.

  • ballast protection against sand storm in railway

    ballast protection against sand storm in railway, Electromagnetic Properties Railway Ballast Research Ballast protection against sand storm in railway: gravel. Inquiry; Ballast Mats Rail from Projex Group - Architectural Products. Ballast Mats Rail from Projex Group, It is also widely used on railway bridges for ballast protection,, Lengthen ...

  • Technical Requirements for Railway Ballast in Finland

    The grain size distribution (EN 933-1), shape index (EN 933-4) and amount of. > 100 mm grains are used for evaluation of geometrical properties of railway ballast. In. the main tracks the grain size distribution class F (EN 13450) is used (Fig 1). Geometrical properties are tested in every working shift.

  • Dynamic Properties Evaluation of Railway Ballast Using ...

    Railway ballasted track has been widely used in railway system around the world. Ballast, which supports the sleepers uniformly, is highly experienced deterioration. Railway ballasted track, traditional railway track, consists of steel rails, sleepers, fastener system, ballast, sub-ballast and subgrade.

  • Assessment of railway embankment stiffness using ...

    Initial results indicated that ballast stiffnesses were around 100MPa, while the subgrade was around 50MPa at 1m rising to around 80MPa at 5m below the top of the sleepers.

  • Radar technology to run trains on safe tracks - Railway ...

    The radar will have a screen and a recording system. It will project the condition of earthwork beneath the ground on its screen using electromagnetic waves and record the data. A railway track has four components, including rails, sleepers, ballast bed and earthwork.

  • CTIS - Research

    In cooperation with the Rail Transportation and Engineering Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, a system for quickly, nondestructively, and quantitatively assessing the engineering properties of the track substructure (ballast and subgrade) is being developed.

  • Recycling recovered railway materials at our Whitemoor ...

    A dedicated team at Network Rail co-ordinates the sale and reuse of any redundant railway assets, ensuring all sales are logged, measured and controlled. Ballast – the stones beneath the track – is removed from the railway, from conventional work sites and by our High Output Ballast Cleaner Systems. These high-tech machines travel along the railway at night removing dirty, worn ballast and replacing .

  • A GPR-based simulation approach for the analysis of ...

    A GPR-based simulation approach for the analysis of railway ballast Andrea Benedetto (1), Luca Bianchini Ciampoli (1), Fabio Tosti (3), Lara Pajewski (2), Amir M. Alani (3), ... electromagnetic response. For the calibration of such a model, a laboratory set-up was implemented in order to